direct investment as component of capital account

direct investment as component of capital account
прямые инвестиции как компонент счета капитала.
Статья платежного баланса (balance of payments), проводки по которой характеризуют размер оттока из страны или притока в ее национальную экономику из-за границы капитала, предназначенного для создания, расширения или модернизации предприятий, производящих товары или оказывающих услуги. Хотя эти коммерческие предприятия и находятся на территории иностранного государства, но полные или частичные права собственности на них принадлежат зарубежному инвестору. Вложение капитала за границей относится к категории прямых иностранных инвестиций (direct foreign investment ), когда в результате их осуществления возникает возможность реально контролировать производственную деятельность зарубежной экономической единицы. Капиталовложения в иностранные предприятия, позволяющие оказывать лишь ограниченное влияние на его деятельность, являются портфельными инвестициями (portfolio investment ).

Англо-русский толковый словарь внешнеэкономических терминов. - М.: Финансы и статистика. 1992.

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